A mainboard Industrial PC is a computer peripheral designed to provide user access to computer hardware via the mainboard. It is a simple yet highly useful system that simplifies and facilitates tasks usually performed by more sophisticated machines. The primary function of such a system is to interface the input/output devices of the computer system with the input and control devices on the personal computer. The advantage of this type of system is that there is no need for additional hardware to link the systems. All these functions can be accomplished through the mainboard alone.
These mainboards are available in many forms, each having its own advantages and disadvantages. There are many types of mainboards including PATA, SATA and Parallel ATA. SATA is relatively new technology and is being used increasingly in today’s market.
SATA is short for serial ATA and is one of the most popular interfaces for connecting the mainboard to the rest of the system. It is also a very compact technology which makes it highly efficient when compared to other technologies. With an average density of only six pins per square inch, SATA has the ability to interface with a large number of components, including but not limited to IDE, SCSI, FPGA, USB and even FireWire ports. The lower density of the interface greatly improves compatibility with different motherboards.
Another type of mainboard is the PATA which stands for Peripheral Component Interface and is usually found in personal computer systems that use a modular architecture. A PATA mainboard connects the hard disk, memory modules and input and output devices to the CPU. A typical PATA board has little or no input or output facilities making it very easy for a user to connect the system directly to a host operating system without using any specialized hardware.
One other mainboard technology that is quite popular is the Parallel ATA or PCI-E for short. This type of mainboard is made up of one or more PCI slots that are connected to a host operating system or to an individual user. These slots provide the ability to expand the host operating system or to add additional hardware devices to the computer system without having to install new drivers or software. A PCI-E card can easily be added to a personal computer or a host operating system.
All the aforementioned mainboard technologies have their own advantages. Depending on what an individual user needs out of their mainboard, they can choose between the different mainboard technologies available in the market. By doing so, they can ensure that their system is compatible with the operating system they need to use. For those who want total customization, they can even request a custom made mainboard.